Whitaker, S.

The North American signal cray?sh (Pacifastacus leniusculus) has been present in Scotland since at least 1995 and the species is now known to be present in a number of catchments. Once established, few opportunities for containment exist and eradication can often be impossible to achieve. However, in small, isolated water bodies, the application of a non-cray?sh-speci?c biocide has provided the opportunity to remove this species permanently. In July 2011, signal cray?sh were discovered in a ?ooded quarry pond at Ballachulish in the Scottish Highlands.

The Hebridean Mink Project was tasked with eradicating American mink (Neovison vison) from the Outer Hebrides, an extensive, complex island archipelago, amounting to 3,050 km2. Hundreds of islands contribute to a coastline of approximately 2,500 km, 15% of Scotland’s total. The geographical complexity continues inland with over 7,500 freshwater lochs, ~24% of Scotland’s total, which enables invasive American mink, in suitable habitats, to reach densities seldom encountered elsewhere. With major funding from the EU LIFE programme, removal from the Uists began in 2001.